EUDO CITIZENSHIP: Loss of Dutch nationality ex lege: EU law, gender and multiple nationalityBy Betty de Hart, GLOBALCIT expert and Sandra Mantu, GLOBALCIT collaborator
Source: EUDO CITIZENSHIP
Twin babies of two fathers recognised as sons, but not as brothers in Italy. An Italian gay couple used in vitro fertilisation and a surrogate mother to have children. As surrogacy is illegal in Italy, the couple performed the procedure in California, where their twin sons were born. Upon their return to Italy, the registry office refused to transcribe the babies’ birth certificates, preventing the men from registering the boys as their legal children.After a court case and an appeal, the Italian court ruled that each father could register one son as his own: that is, despite being twins, the babies are not recognised as brothers. The decision of the Court took into account the fact that the egg was fertilised by two separate donors. Importantly, in allowing such partial registration for the twins (which would otherwise be denied due to illegality of surogacy), the Court reasoned that Italian courts have to take into account that surrogacy is legal in California and accept actions that are in line with human rights norms.
Source: EUDO CITIZENSHIP
LE SCAN POLITIQUE – S’il est élu en mai prochain, le candidat soutenu par Sens Commun promet d’exiger une réforme de l’institution afin qu’elle ne puisse plus intervenir sur les questions liées à la gestation pour autrui.
Proiectul de lege prin care mamele cu mai multi copii primesc “pensie speciala” intre 600 si 1000 lei si medalia “mama-eroina”, adoptat tacit de Senat – Politic – HotNews.ro
Senatul a adoptat tacit proiectul de lege al deputatului PSD Ninel Peia prin care femeile care au nascut cel putin trei copii primesc o indemnizatie viagera lunara, pentru toata viata, iar cele care
It is now possible to buy genetic tests via the internet – send your money and saliva to a privately owned company on the other side of the world, and receive your genetic code, in order to find relatives, receive details on health risks, and take part in research.
What happens when genetic testing moves away from the clinic into the space of the internet, unregulated for selling medicine and medical devices. What are the implications of such new practices for medical professionals, new media companies, and for people, as patients and carers?
This event marks the publication of CyberGenetics, Health Genetics and New Media, by Anna Harris, Susan Kelly and Sally Wyatt. Experts from different fields, including ethics, genetics, anthropology and science & technology studies will discuss the latest findings and insights on possibilities and consequences of cybergenetics and online testing.
The event will also feature a poetry reading by Caoilinn Hughes, whose poetry often features historical and contemporary scientific topics
Northern Ireland has made an historic decision to lift the ban on gay and bisexual blood donations. It was introduced in 1981 during the HIV crisis and has remained in place ever since, despite opposition from many quarters. The LGBT community, in particular, felt that the ban discriminated against them, due to an anachronistic association of Aids being a typically homosexual disease. The announcement by Northern Ireland’s Minister of Health that the ban would be lifted, effective from 1 September, was therefore welcomed by LGBT associations. Northern Ireland is the last nation in the United Kingdom to abolished the rule.
A British father and his wife have spoken of their heartbreak after being given the wrong baby by a hospital in El Salvador last year.Richard Cushworth and his Salvadoran wife Mercy have only now been allowed to travel home to the US with their son Moses after DNA tests proved he had been swapped with another boy.The couple had been waiting for over eight months for a birth certificate.
Contrary to some of the press coverage, the ruling was not about whether single parents should have access to surrogacy. UK law has never prohibited single parents from conceiving through surrogacy, and in 2008 Parliament even debated single-parent reproduction and decided that there should be no discriminatory conditions placed on access to treatment. Access was not the issue. The issue was legal status and the availability of parental orders which regulate the parentage of children born through surrogacy. Parental orders can only be sought after a child is born. They transfer parenthood, making the intended parents the legal parents and extinguishing (with her consent) the status of the surrogate mother and her spouse or civil partner. Once a parental order is made, the child is treated as though born to the applicants, and a birth certificate is issued confirming the child’s identity in the intended family.
A senior High Court judge has ruled that UK law discriminates against single parents with children born through surrogacy who are seeking parental orders, and that UK law in this area runs against their human rights.
The applicant was a single father of a child born in the USA following a surrogacy arrangement using donated eggs. Upon returning to the UK with the child, the father was not considered a legal parent and was required to apply for a parental order to become the child’s legal father and to receive a UK birth certificate.
There is a man waiting for the doctor and his time is running out.It is late evening, just over an hour after the doctor first groped for his ringing phone. “Can you help us?” the woman on the other end had asked, her voice breaking.Now, preparing for the procedure, the doctor is alert. He moves quickly. He scrubs his hands and arms with soap and snaps on his gloves. His assistant clinks down sterilised instruments onto a stainless steel table. The air is cool and heavy with the scent of disinfectant.The doctor sits over the patient ready to perform the surgery. He pauses, fixing a picture in his mind, then slices through the skin until he can see the organ’s outer layers. It glistens, milky white and veiny. The doctor cuts off a spongy piece and drops it into a vial. His assistant whisks it away.
Widows and parents want to preserve dead men’s sperm–but what are the rights of the deceased? — Quartz
He has, in fact, been so for a while–over 30 hours, according to his chart–but some of him survives. What the doctor has extracted is a liquid that can create life. An incredible substance that is neither person nor property; simultaneously so abundant yet valuable that we still haven’t quite figured out how to treat it. It is the dead man’s sperm.
A same-sex couple have won a custody battle in Thailand against their surrogate after she allegedly refused to allow them to leave the country with their baby because they were not ‘an ordinary couple’.
The Central and Family Court in Bangkok last month ruled in favour of Gordon Luke, an American and the biological father of 15-month-old Carmen, and his Spanish husband, Manuel Santos.
A woman believed to be around 72 years old has given birth to a baby boy in India, following IVF treatment.Daljinder Kaur and her husband Mohinder Singh Gill, who is 79, received IVF at the National Fertility Centre in Haryana state. The doctor treating the couple, Dr Anurag Bishnoi, explained how he was originally reluctant to treat Kaur because he thought she looked ‘weak’, but that he changed his mind after seeing her determination and checking her health and fitness levels.
Spanish scientists say they have created rudimentary sperm-like cells from skin and bone marrow cells taken from adult males.They claim that this is the first step in creating functioning sperm or eggs for those people who are unable to have genetically related children and who must currently rely on donated gametes.’What to do when someone who wants to have a child lacks gametes (eggs or sperm)?’ asked Dr Carlos Simon, the scientific director of the Valencia Infertility Institute, where the research was carried out. ‘This is the problem we want to address: to be able to create gametes in people who do not have them.’Primordial human germ cells have been created from embryonic stem cells (see BioNews 785), and primordial mouse germ cells have been created from adult stem cells (see BioNews 841). But this is the first time that primordial human germ cells have been created from adult human stem cells.
More People Are Seeking Genetic Testing, But Counselors Aren’t Keeping Up : Shots – Health News : NPR
Erika Stallings’ mom was diagnosed with breast cancer at the age of 28. When it came back in her early 40s, her physicians started looking for clues.”That’s when the doctors realized there may be something genetic going on, and that’s when she was tested, and found out she was a carrier for BRCA2,” says Stallings.BRCA1 and BRCA2 are genes. Carrying a mutated BRCA gene increases a person’s risk for developing certain cancers, including breast and ovarian cancer.Because Erika Stallings’ mom tested positive, Erika had a 50 percent chance of inheriting a mutated BRCA2 gene.But Erika was only 22 years old when she learned of her mother’s diagnosis and not yet ready to put herself through the testing process.
Kuwait is set to become the first country in the world to require all its citizens, visitors and expatriates to provide DNA samples for the government’s database, according to a report.In July 2015, the Kuwaiti government passed the DNA testing law, which is set to go into effect later this year, according to the Kuwait Times. The DNA samples of at least 3.3 million people—gotten from saliva or few drops of blood—will be stored in a lab at the General Department of Criminal Evidence in Dajeej, a suburb about 12 miles south of Kuwait City.
After countries such as India and Thailand restricted the “rent-a-womb” option for foreigners, Mexico is emerging as the next niche for this mode of reproduction and Congress is taking steps to prevent it.
Currently, only the states of Tabasco and Sinaloa have laws recognizing surrogate maternity, and there are legal loopholes in the legislation.
The Senate has passed a bill to amend the Health Act with the intention of regulating surrogate maternity.
The bill, still pending approval in the lower house of Congress, aims to make surrogate maternity accessible only to Mexican citizens and as a non-profit practice.
With China’s controversial one-child policy no longer in effect, the U.S. is seeing a huge jump in surrogacy-related services.
Ideal Legal Group Inc., a family law firm in Alhambra that specializes in international surrogacy, has already experienced an uptick.
“We had a total of six clients for all of last year, but we’ve already had four clients just for the month of April this year,” said Evie Jeang, the law firm’s founder and managing partner. “I see lots of surrogacy agencies popping up. They’re doing a lot of advertising — but it’s in Chinese, not English.”
IN A WORLD with porous borders and wildly divergent surrogacy laws, making a baby can be a global affair: The eggs might come from a woman in South Africa, the sperm from a man in Canada, and the surrogate herself might be in Cambodia. What connects them, literally, is a cold chain.Typical cold chains—made up of refrigerated trucks and shipping containers—bring us perfectly preserved bananas from Central America, seafood from Asia, and vaccines from Europe. But it takes a specialized cold chain to transport finicky eggs, sperm, and embryos across the world for surrogacy via in vitro fertilization. To expectant parents, that material is more precious any other possible cargo. And they’re willing to pay. A lot.
In an unprecedented move, the BJP-led government has conveniently diluted the proposed Assisted Reproductive Technology Bill (ART) that sought to restrict ART services in India. Drafted in 2007 by the then Congress government, the proposed bill, which underwent enormous discussions till 2015, has now been narrowed down and will deal with the issues related to “surrogacy” only. The draft bill, now titled Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, is under discussion by a group of ministers (GoM) headed by Union health minister J.P. Nadda. Sources disclosed that the GoM was formed last week at the behest of PM Narendra Modi after the draft was discussed in the Cabinet meeting. Interestingly, the GOM who met on Thursday for the first time did not include women and child development minister as its member.
A groundbreaking trial to see if it is possible to regenerate the brains of dead people, has won approval from health watchdogs.Indian specialist Dr Himanshu Bansal, working with Biotech companies Revita Life Sciences and Bioquark Inc, has been granted ethical permission to recruit 20 patients who have been declared clinically dead from a traumatic brain injury, to test whether parts of their central nervous system can be brought back to life.
Death is a depressingly inevitable consequence of life, but now scientists believe they may have found some light at the end of the tunnel.The largest ever medical study into near-death and out-of-body experiences has discovered that some awareness may continue even after the brain has shut down completely.It is a controversial subject which has, until recently, been treated with widespread scepticism.But scientists at the University of Southampton have spent four years examining more than 2,000 people who suffered cardiac arrests at 15 hospitals in the UK, US and Austria.
A federal parliamentary committee in Australia has recommended that commercial surrogacy should remain illegal in the country, but that altruistic surrogacy should be regulated at a national level. The House of Representatives Standing Committee on Social Policy and Legal Affairs has said that commercial surrogacy – defined as being where the surrogate is remunerated for financial gain – could lead to economic pressure on the surrogate and the expectations of intended parents undermining a surrogate’s free and informed consent. However, it did suggest that providing ‘appropriate reimbursement’ to surrogates could be reasonable.
A better future for biologyGenetics and molecular biology are the fundamental technologies of life. They concern all of us. And yet, only a small number of experts have access to laboratories and specialist knowledge. This is a problem caused by equipment that is closed and expensive and hardware and software that is difficult to use.Instead, let us look at how movements like Arduino or Raspberry Pi are empowering citizens to co-create and be technology-literate.By building a diverse community around inclusive and accessible molecular biology, we want to enable professionals and non-professionals to engage with genetics in an open and responsible way. This is for everybody: curious makers, ambitious students, innovative artists and cutting-edge scientists. Find out more about how you can get hands-on with genetics and help us build a better future for biology.
As the name suggests, Bento Lab is a small, portable box, but rather than containing your lunch, inside is an all-in-one DNA laboratory suitable for both professionals and beginners. The size of a small briefcase and weighing around 5kg, it allows you to extract DNA from biological samples such as hair and saliva, target a specific piece of DNA, such as a single gene, and then discover which variant of the gene it is.
The team that designed Bento Lab set up a Kickstarter campaign in March with the aim of raising £40,000 to start mass-producing the units. Within a matter of days they’d exceeded their target, and funding has now closed with over £150,000 raised. The fact that there were over 700 backers shows that it’s not just hobbyists who want to see these mobile molecular labs made available to the masses. Bento Lab has wider appeal, which says something about the public’s enthusiasm for access to genetic technology.
Source: BioNews – Lab in a lunch box
Spencer v Anderson (Paternity Testing)  EWHC 851 (Fam) – read judgment A fascinating case in the Family Division throws up a number of facts that some may find surprising. One is that t…
They are called the ‘sheng nu’ or, literally, the leftover women. They are single Chinese women who, at the age of 27, still haven’t found a husband and are severely judged by society for it. A video campaign highlights this serious and pervasive form of female bullying. Created by a cosmetics company, in just a few days it has already provoked tears and emotion in almost two million users.
When my partner Andrea became a surrogate for another lesbian couple we had no idea we would end up starting over as new parents, especially to a child who has Down Syndrome (a disability which once scared the living daylights out of me) or that our lives would forever be changed — for the better.
Melissa Cook – the California surrogate mom at the center of a custody battle over triplets she delivered last month – has been granted a temporary stay on a Los Angeles Court’s ruling that previously granted custody of her newborn triplets to their biological father. The new development prohibits the father, who is based in Georgia, from removing the children from California.
(ANSA) – Rome, March 22 – The Constitutional Court on Tuesday rejected a motion to hear testimony from expert witnesses in the case of a couple wishing to donate their non-viable embryos to science. Italian law on assisted fertility treatments forbids using embryos for research purposes under any circumstances whatsoever. The couple has appealed for the ban to be lifted after several cycles of assisted fertility treatment resulted in severely damaged embryos. Last November the Constitutional Court ruled that a ban on selecting embryos for fertility treatments to avoid the transmission of some serious diseases was illegitimate.
A gene therapy for children with a rare but life-threatening genetic disorder that severely weakens the immune system has been recommended for approval by the European Medicines Agency.Strimvelis has been developed by Italian scientists in conjunction with GlaxoSmithKline and is aimed at children with ADA-SCID (adenosine deaminase deficiency, severe combined immunodeficiency), where a single genetic defect prevents the development of a robust immune system. Children with ADA-SCID are susceptible to multiple infections and without treatment they rarely live beyond two years of age. The condition is sometimes known as ‘bubble boy disease’ due to children with the condition sometimes having to live in plastic, germ-free chambers.
A second team in China report that they have created genetically modified human embryos, in an attempt to make them resistant to HIV, using the genome-editing technique CRISPR/Cas9.Last April, a different Chinese team reported the first-ever genetically edited human embryos (see BioNews 799), generating widespread debate about human germline modification (see BioNews 831).
WARSAW, Poland (AP) — Poland’s prime minister and the powerful leader of its conservative ruling party both said Thursday they support a total ban on abortion.Abortion is currently only allowed in mostly Catholic Poland when the pregnancy poses a threat to the woman’s health or life, if it results from a crime like incest or rape or if the fetus is damaged.But these regulations dating to 1993, which have been considered a tough compromise between the views of the country’s liberal and Catholic circles, are now being contested under Poland’s new conservative government.A new civic group called “Stop Abortion” is gathering support to impose a total ban and is backed by Poland’s influential Roman Catholic Church.
Aminah Hart had a child as a single mum using anonymous donor sperm but she became curious about the identity of her daughter’s dad and decided to track him down.
Ten years ago, an Irish pub owner was clearing land for a driveway when his digging exposed an unusually large flat stone. The stone, in turn, obscured a dark gap underneath. He grabbed a flashlight to peer in.“I shot the torch in and saw the gentleman, well, his skull and bones,” Bertie Currie, the pub owner, said this week.The remains of three humans, in fact, were found behind McCuaig’s Pub in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. And though police were called, it was not, as it turned out, a crime scene.
The debate around surrogacy continues in Europe, as the European Council has rejected a report recommending a legal framework for surrogacy, presented by Petra De Sutter, a Belgian transsexual politician. The project has sparked a considerable amount of criticism especially from the International Union for the Abolition of surrogacy, which launched the campaign ‘No Maternity Traffic‘ as well as a petition against De Sutter’s proposal, which has already collected more than 100,000 signatures. Those against surrogacy point out that, behind the proposal to provide a legal framework for it, there is the aim of legalising it completely. The proposal’s rejection at European level is seen as a major setback both by the LGBT world and by supporters and defenders of the right to surrogate parenthood.
The most advanced digital society in the world is a former Soviet Republic on the edge of the Baltic Sea. And by handing over €50 and a photograph, allowing my fingerprints to be taken and waiting a few weeks while my credentials were verified, I have been issued with an identity card, a cryptographic key and a PIN code to access its national systems. I am now an official e-resident of the Republic of Estonia, as is the Japanese prime minister, and you will want to be one, too. And what’s more, by doing so, you’ll be part of a system that could not only reinvent public services for the internet age, but fundamentally redefine what it means to be a country.
For months now, China’s exchange-rate policy has been roiling global financial markets. More precisely, confusion about that policy has been roiling the markets. Chinese officials have done a poor job communicating their intentions, encouraging the belief that they don’t know what they’re doing.
Joni Meenagh questions the social hierarchies of relationshipsA dangerous woman thinks about how our social systems could be organised differently; she challenges the status quo.For me, it’s about challenging how we think about relationships.Recently I was filling out some paperwork for a medical specialist appointment. The form asked about my marital status. I sighed and looked at the options, considered my choices, and decided to leave it blank, instead writing in ‘really?’